Classification of Red Seaweed. Most of the algae are multicellular and marine algae (seaweeds). • The major groups of algae have been classified into Divisions (the equivalent taxon in the zoological code was the Phylum). How many species of freshwater and terrestrial algae are there? The red seaweed belong to the Plantae Kingdom, however, since they are complex organisms with a large variety; there are doubts in this regard. This phylum contains over 7000 recognized species. Description of Phaeophyceae (Brown Algae): It is a large group of algae consisting of 240 genera and over 1,500 species out of which 32 genera and 93 species are reported from India. It is the largest seaweed. They are commonly known as brown algae, due to the presence of a golden brown xanthophyll pigment, fucoxanthin (C 40 H 54 O 6) in the chromatophores. The brown algae are represented by about 1,780 species, currently classified in the class Fucophyceae (or Phaeophyceae) of the phylum Ochrophyta (De Reviers et al., 2007); the class includes 17 orders. • The standard botanical classification system is used in the systematics of the algae: Phylum (Division) – phyta Class – phyceae Order – ales Family – aceae Genus Species 31 Phylum: Firmicutes This organism causes the Red Tide when it grows unchecked. Green seaweeds.. Characteristics: Green colour from chlorophyll a and b in the same proportions as the 'higher' plants; beta-carotene (a yellow pigment); and various characteristic xanthophylls (yellowish or brownish pigments). Phylum: Chlorophyta (Green Algae) Previous names: Similar species: Easy to confused with Monostroma. Monostroma is only one cell layer thick while Sea Lettuce is two cell layers thick. ... Class: Bacilli Order: Bacillales Family: Bacillaceae Genus: Bacillus Species: alcalophilus. Darrell Gulin / Getty Images. Food reserves are starch, some fats or oils like higher plants. The phylum is Rhodophyta, which in turn is divided into two sub-phylum: Cyanidiophytina and Rhodophytina. Brown seaweeds are not close relatives of red and green seaweeds, although they are macroscopically similar and live mixed together on rocky shores. Chlorophyta: Green Algae. Red algae belong to the class Rhodophyceae under the phylum Rhodophyta which is one of the largest phylum of algae. Seaweed, any of the red, green, or brown marine algae that grows along seashores. But , they remain in this classification so far. Examples: Chlorella, Chlamydomonas, Spirogyra, Ulva. Also similar to other Ulva species. Seaweeds are generally anchored to the sea bottom or other solid structures by rootlike ‘holdfasts,’ which perform the sole function of attachment and do not extract nutrients as do the roots of higher plants. Classification. Monostroma grows in a circle around a disc-shaped holdfast; Sea Lettuce has a short stipe growing up out of the holdfast. Class: Phaeophyceae Order: Laminariales Family: Laminariaceae Genus: Macrocystis Species: pyrifera. There are about 35,000 species of freshwater and terrestrial algae, but many more remain to be described. Red and brown algae are particularly poorly represented in freshwater environments. By far the largest diversity is in diatoms, desmids, green and blue-green algae. Brown algae, from the phylum Phaeophyta (meaning "dusky plants"), is the most prevalent type of seaweed.Brown or yellow-brown in color, brown algae are found in the waters of both temperate or arctic climates. They belong to three different groups with over 10,000 species: brown algae (phylum Ochrophyta, class Phaeophyceae), red algae (phylum Rhodophyta), and green algae (phylum Chlorophyta, classes Bryopsidophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Dasycladophyceae, Prasinophyceae, and Ulvophyceae). 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